More simple on a design are bruschatye walls. Bars produce from logs, sawing round them on four edgings at factory or on a site manually, applying for this purpose saws for longitudinal pilenija. At preparation of bars there are from each log four gorbylja which use for the various purposes, for example, for the device of heat-insulated floors or garret overlappings.
Section of bars for external walls accept depending on settlement temperature of external air: at temperature-30 ° - 150x150 mm, at temperature-40 ° - 180x180 mm. For internal walls use bars section accordingly 100x150 mm or 100x180 mm.
In corners bars connect "ё юё=р=ъюь" and "схч юё=р=ър" i.e. "т юсыю" and "т ыряѕ" etc. To durability apply radical thorns which reduce produvaemost house walls. Besides, for decrease produvaemosti use plug-in thorns, having them vertically. /
At performance sruba bars have one over another with a lining between them teploizoljatsionnogo a material. Often apply felt. If it thick the ends join it end-to-end and stack in one layer, if thin, in two layers; but the ends also join end-to-end, and the second layer stack on the first, well blocking underlaying seams. Cut felt strips or tapes of such width that it equaled to width of bars and on it water did not flow down from walls. For the best water drainage from a horizontal seam between bars the top edge of an obverse part of a bar of each wreath is chamfered in the width by 30 mm, preliminary having punched from an edge from two parties on distance of 20 mm risks. The received facet is better ostrogat. Felt strips should be cut on 20 mm width of bars. /
Fig. 18. Cabin of walls from bars:
And - a wall cross-section; - angular connection (a cutting a direct groove and a crest);
1 - the base; 2 - a socle; 3 - podsypka from slag or sand; 4 - roofing material; 5 - a board covered with bitumen; 6 - plums from the zinced steel; 7 - a tow or a moss; 8 - plaster; 9 - a window sill; 10 - a window box; 11 - a backlash for deposits; 12 - a thermal protection; 13 - stropilnaja a foot.
We Will consider technics of angular and other interfaces at cabin of walls from bars (fig. 18). The corner cabin vperevjazku with a radical thorn consists in the following. In corners in advance bore through apertures one under another that it was possible for one nagelem to connect some numbers of bars. For a fastening of bars (wreaths) on height take round wooden nageli in diameter 30 mm. At connection in a half-tree it is necessary to plan risks for has spent on drink wood both lengthways, and across or for has spent on drink across and skalyvanija with podteskoj lengthways. /
Inserted nagel also connects some numbers of bars. Connection of walls on nageljah spend one nagelem, three bars thus seize, but it is possible to seize and more for what it is necessary to have burova the raised length. For reduction produvaemosti between bars on their length sometimes arrange grooves or shpunty or fill rejki the triangular form. Triangular rejki produce from square bruskov with their sawing up on a diagonal. For more dense prileganija during time pribivanija nails the bottom party reek it is better ostrogat. If bars not absolutely equal, them also ostrugivajut. In the bars covering rejki, choose a groove of the triangular form, but such size that it could cover rejki after packing on them teploizoljatsionnogo a material. /
The Triangular groove is easier for choosing in comparison with direct, with quarters etc. Before a punched hole risok at first find the centre of a bar or an axis and from it from two parties postpone labels. Punch or cut through wood pokosi, and then stesyvajut from extreme risok to the middle. At interface of corners sruba on shponkah in bars choose grooves and insert shponki which should fill a groove densely. Opiranie the ends of beams on external walls carry out poluskovorodnem, and on internal walls - opiraniem the ends of beams with joining in the middle of a thickness of a wall or with restart-up of the ends.
Bars on length connect round nageljami in diameter 30 mm, length 60-80 mm (can be and is longer) on distance of 1-1,5 m one from another. When the ends of interfaced bars are at one level connect them in corners of an adjunction and in crossings shponkami in the size 35x50x150 mm.
Thus, stability bruschatym gives to walls communication in corners and crossings with internal walls which place on length on the same distance from each other, as well as in the timbered. At walls bolshej lengths avoidance vspuchivanija establish the vertical bars bolted. Srub cut and collect at statement into place in the same way, as well as srub from logs.
At registration of window apertures in timbered or bruschatyh walls from their face parties arrange crests which then put on details of a window box. Crests happen a different thickness - from 40 to 60 mm, height from 30 to 50 mm. To cut down these crests it is labour-consuming. Is better to arrive so. In the course of cabin sruba the ends of logs forming a window aperture, it is necessary to put vertically on all height. More often them simply saw round. At end faces of logs mark a thickness of crests, and from lateral faces (external and internal) - their height, by means of a cord risks strictly vertically punch. The logs forming a pier, from the external and internal parties saw through on approximate height and after assemblage sruba chop off superfluous wood.